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These are the current members of the Boltzmann Institute Board of Directors:

MICHAEL WIGGIN worked for the federal government for many years as a specialist in district energy technology, helping to expedite and advising on development of district heating projects across Canada, most recently the $1 Billion steam to hot water conversion of the Public Works Canada systems in The National Capital Region. He’s past chair of the International Energy Agency’s Executive Committee in District Heating and Cooling R&D.

STEPHEN TAYLOR worked in the Canadian real estate industry for over 45 years. Prior to his retirement in 2019 he oversaw the $15 billion real estate portfolio of the Healthcare of Ontario Pension Plan (HOOPP), including assets located across Canada, Europe and the United States. Before joining HOOPP in 2014, Stephen worked for 16 years with the Morguard Group of Companies, where he served as President of Morguard Investments Limited, the Group’s real estate advisory and management arm. Over that time Morguard’s portfolio under management grew from $2 billion to over $15 billion. Before joining Morguard, he was a senior real estate executive in a major Canadian financial institution (Confederation Life) and in two large Canadian real estate development companies.
Stephen remains active in the real estate industry through involvement in a number of corporate boards and advisory committees. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto and holds a Master’s Degree in Management Studies from Oxford University. He is the Past Chair of the Board of REALpac (the Real Property Association of Canada), and is also engaged in the Not for Profit sector, having been Board Chair for Covenant House Toronto (providing shelter for homeless youth) and the Catholic Children’s Aid Society of Toronto.

JOHN STEPHENSON was Director of Project Development with FVB Energy Inc., helping to develop business cases for district energy systems (DES) across Canada (2001-2016), as a result of which over two dozen new DES were constructed in that period; including in Vancouver, Calgary, Hamilton, Markham, Regent Park in Toronto, Ontario Tech and conversion of the steam systems to hot water in Ottawa.  Prior to that he served as Manager of Generation Projects with Toronto Hydro and before that Senior Business Development Engineer with Ontario Hydro, where he was the principal business representative in the development of the Bruce Energy Centre (the only industrial park in North America supplied with steam from a nuclear power plant) as well as the Windsor District Energy System and co-authored a report that was 30 years ahead of its time, entitled “The Potential for District Energy in Metropolitan Toronto”, (1995), by the Metro DES Working Group.  He served for several years as President of the Canadian District Energy Association and as a Director of the International District Energy Association. (

CAROLINE MCGRATH is a lawyer and public policy professional based in Toronto. She has experience working in the private and public sector, as a corporate counsel and a policy advisor in the premier’s office. She is proficient in French, holds an LLB from Osgoode Hall Law School, an LLM in Human Rights law and a Mediation Certificate from Harvard’s Program on Negotiation.

MARTIN GREEN has a PhD in physics (Toronto, 1981). He was a research scientist for 17 years at the Ontario Hydro Research Division, with projects spanning transmission, distribution, generation and IT. After the privatization of Ontario Hydro Research, he shifted to information security, operations risk management, governance and enterprise architecture in financial services, healthcare and telecommunications. [ PGP Key ID: 602CE2641454E43B ]

RICHARD GILBERT was for seven years the first CEO of the Toronto District Heating Corporation, now Enwave Energy Corporation, then and now Canada’s largest district energy provider. He was a local and regional councillor for many years, elected six times in the City of Toronto. Richard was much involved in the work of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities and served as FCM’s president for its 50th-anniversary year. Later, he was the first president of the Canadian Urban Institute and then worked as a consultant, chiefly on energy issues and on municipal governance, with public- and private-sector clients across four continents. His main client was the Paris-based Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), where he also worked for the International Energy Agency. Richard has taught extensively at several universities, including the three in Toronto and one in British Columbia, as well as at universities in Ireland, Scotland, Mexico, and the U.S.